Qatar’s Inflation Remained Moderate in 2014
Web Posted on : Sun, 18 Jan 2015
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Inflation in Qatar continued to remain moderate in 2014, thanks in part to lower international food prices. According to the Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics (MDPS), consumer price index (CPI) inflation remained roughly stable at 3.0% in 2014, from 3.1% in 2013. Key drivers of inflation in 2014 were higher rent inflation offsetting lower international food prices. Going forward, we expect domestic inflation to accelerate going forward, pushing inflation higher to 3.5% in 2015 and 4.4% in 2016.
Qatar CPI Inflation
(% change; weights shown in brackets)
Sources: MDPS and QNB Group analysis and forecasts
The combination of rapid population growth (estimated to have risen by 10.1% in 2014) and higher GDP per capita led to a strong increase in land prices. According to the latest Ministry of Justice data, land prices increased 92.7% year-on-year in December 2014. As a result, real estate developers raised rents in order to recoup higher land prices. Accordingly, rent inflation rose to an average 7.0% in 2014, leading to overall domestic inflation of 3.3%. This is likely to continue over the coming years in line with the favourable outlook for the Qatar economy. Accordingly, we project domestic inflation to rise to 5.0% in 2015 and 5.3% in 2016.
Counterbalancing this, foreign inflation fell slightly to 2.0% in 2014 as international food prices fell on record global food harvests, large US stockpiles and weak demand. Given that Qatar has limited domestic food production, these lower international food prices are likely to continue pushing Qatar’s food inflation lower, albeit with a lag. The other components of foreign inflation (clothing and footwear; and furniture, textiles and home appliances), however, came in stronger than expected in 2014. As such, foreign inflation did not come down as much as we expected in 2014. Looking ahead, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) is forecasting international food prices to fall by 10.8% in 2015. As a result, we forecast foreign inflation to turn negative (-0.5%) in 2015 before rebounding somewhat (1.8%) in 2016.
In summary, Qatar’s inflation continued to remain moderate in 2014. Looking ahead, we forecast overall inflation to rise from 3.0% in 2014 to 3.5% in 2015 and 4.4% in 2016 on rising rent inflation. However, there is a risk that large investment spending and the growing population could lead to supply bottlenecks owing to limited domestic capacity. This could potentially push up domestic prices more than expected and lead to overall inflation rising above our baseline forecasts.